Planting for vegetable garden needs proper planning. The most important thing to consider while building a vegetable garden is to find the right soil. The garden soil has to be of very good quality. Using compost is safer but any good quality of soil amendments can do the work. You can even find high qualities of different kinds of soil additives in local stores.
If you are wondering what you can add to the soil, then this articles can be very beneficial to you. Here, the necessary soil additives are discussed which are good for the vegetable garden. These additives can even be added to the soil directly or mixed with the compost pile of your choice. All of these act as nutrients and help to grow healthier plants. Five of such additives are listed and discussed below.
These are easiest to find. Anyone can get them from the kitchen. They can be buried in the soil to increase the soil productivity.
Whether the coffee as liquid or grounds is very good for the soil. They can add nitrogen to the garden soil. Pouring cold coffee in the garden soil can be beneficial to the garden soil.
Believe or not ash is considered as the best addictive for the soil. You can collect ashes from your fire pit or fireplace. Then these only can be added to garden soil to improve its quality and productivity. Normally ashes benefit the soil like no other substances. But also the source of the ash should be considered and taken into account. The charcoal ashes should not be used in gardening as these can be very harmful to the soil. These type of ashes contain various harmful chemicals and other substances which can, in fact, damage the soil. The ashes that are produced as a result of the burning of the wood, leaves and other organic materials are good for the soil. These ashes can add potassium, sodium and other necessary elements to the soil. These can act as a nutrient. The ashes are applied to the topmost part of the soil. They can deter pests and keep the crops protected from the insects and bugs. But it is to be kept in mind to keep the ashes dry. Also, the ashes can increase pH of the soil, so the quantity of ash added should be calculated and considered thoroughly. Most of the vegetables need a pH of 6 or so.
Cardboard papers or newspapers:
The newspapers or the cardboards can be useful to the soil too. The shredded paper or the laid flat papers act as necessary substances to the soil. They help to prevent the weeds and decompose to add nutrients to the soil. They are very good for the small garden plants
This is actually charcoal but made up of organic materials. Biochar is the charcoal which made in low temperature by the process of slow flaming of many organic materials such as the wood, bone or even manure. This product is effectively used as a soil additive in many countries for centuries. It provides essential benefits to the vegetable gardens. Biochar helps the soil to retain all necessary nutrients as well as water. It reduces the usage of fertilizer. It also can increase the pH level of the soil.
Bone and Blood meal:
Though these elements sound quite disturbing, they are very healthy additives for garden soil. Bone meal, which is made up of animal bones are very effective additives. They are ground bones into powder forms. This substance is very beneficial for vegetable gardens. This is because of all of the essential minerals present inside the bones such as the calcium, phosphorous and magnesium. These are broken and eventually released into the soil. The blood meal also is the dried as well as a powdered form of animal blood. It is an outstanding source of the high quantity of nitrogen. But then again, excessive nitrogen can damage the plants. Thus one should know the optimum levels or amounts of nitrogen which are to be applied. 10 pounds of blood meal in every 100 square feet is enough for nitrogen deficient vegetables. These are toxic products. Thus these products should be kept out of reach.
The eggshells or the seashells are also helpful for the plants as they slowly increase the calcium content of the soil.